Model Of Nice Cars

The Idealogical Model Of Nice Cars

Many consumers in the purchase of the vehicle, has been entangled since the player row of cars or car exhaust problem, this problem, in others it seems somewhat trivial. In fact, since the row hand row of cars and car has its merits.

Since the row truck in today’s society, the relatively pragmatic, simple operation, not under too much effort to play the downside, you can have more time to experience the performance of other aspects of a car’s how. The manual transmission car operation is relatively harder, it takes some time to become familiar with playing gear, each gear of the gear stroke play, playing stall speed, etc., or for the novice, playing file will be a daunting thing . Halfway flame out such things ultimately.

Then hand row of cars models if it has the merits of it?

1, There is no doubt that the first point, hand row of cars at least a little cheaper than from car exhaust.

2, Manual transmission vehicles, transmission technology is mature, high reliability, repair and maintenance costs than AT automatic transmission is lower.

3, The full manual is pure mechanical structure, the failure rate is much lower.

4, The same models ratio automatic car manual car quality to heavier, more stable vehicle.

5, Manual car according to needs in advance up shift, can also glide, especially for driving in urban areas, more fuel-efficient.

6, Why do many people prefer the manual transmission car? (Figure / car product evaluation)

7, Why do many people prefer the manual transmission car? (Figure / car product evaluation)

8, Start, accelerate faster, not only can more freely shuttle, many times more conducive to hedge.

9, When needed, can quickly down shift, in addition to speed overtaking, can also be used to control engine speed, but can be controlled with the track in the corners.

10, If the next heavy rain, when the vehicle needs wading, manual transmission car vehicle operating properly then less likely to stall.

11, Manual transmission, high power transmission efficiency, under the same conditions the power is greater.

12, Can play on the hill parking gear just in case.

13, Manual transmission car has many benefits (Figure / car product reviews)

14, Manual transmission car has many benefits (Figure / car product reviews)

15, When necessary, can push to stop playing at a very crowded place to park around the stalls.

16, Although not necessary, but a straight line racing is definitely better hand row of cars results.

17, although we do not want to meet, but actually hand row car broke down more readily available assistance.

18, Can exercise the coordination of limbs, brain remain flexible operation, more difficult to fall asleep.

19, The pursuit of driving pleasure of the players and the fear of driving too boring sleepy drivers cause most suitable.

The Legendary Rolls-Royce Car

Rolls Royce”Double R” sign

Charles Rolls (Charles Stewartrolls Rolles) and Henry Royce (Henry Royce) The first handshake dating back more than 100 years, according to the agreement the two signed in 1904,

Mr. Royce is responsible for the repairer, and is responsible for Mr. Rolles Selling cars. Two years after the two companies formally merged, determined to produce “the world’s best car.” Prior to this, the poor electrical engineer Les tried a variety of ways, he first converted from a used Decoville (Decauville) started, but the end result is disappointing.

With the help of several friends, he decided to make his own car. This car has many similarities with the French car: 1.8-liter two-cylinder engine, three-speed transmission , final drive gear torque. Mr. Rice ‘s efforts have attracted the attention of Mr. Rouse from London’ s upper class.

As the founder of the British Automobile Club and the agent of Panhard, he soon reached an agreement with Mr. Rice, the world ‘s most famous twin “R” sign was born.

“Celebrate the goddess” sign

The designer of the car is the British painter and sculptor Charles Sykes (Charles Sykes). British Conservative Mr John Montagu (John Montagu) was renowned figures. Montagu has the identity of the British aristocracy, the rich he has a love of the inherent artistic and romantic attachment.

Married Montague madly in love with his secretary Elena Thornton (Eleanor Thornton), after buying a Rolls-Royce 10 / HP, he requested for his Charles Rolls Car produced a clear sign, the production costs borne by their own. Montagu found Charles Sikes want to be the image of his lover Thornton designed into the logo.

Montagu will own castle in the 120 house two transformation into a sculpture studio, beautiful Thornton in here to put a variety of positions for Charles Sikes observation sculpture. Montagu required the use of a solid piece of sterling silver for each sculpture.

After weeks of work, six small sculptures were made. However, these statues still can not let Montague satisfied with what he needs is to fully show the lover’s unique, detached beauty. At that time the Paris choreographer, dancer Luo Yi Fu Le is a revolution in the dance world, Montagu came to Paris with Thornton to watch her performance in the Opera House.

Light, a series of perfect dance show is exactly what Montagu want the image of the heart: a woman wearing tight-fitting gauze, looming appearance in the subtle appearance of the package is even more beautiful long yarn.

After several modifications, and finally celebrate the goddess of the image finally shape: bend the legs, head toward the front of the stretch – seems to stare at the front of the road, the gauze dress with the wind and float tightly wrapped graceful body.  In 1911, it officially became the Rolls Royce car standard.

Montagu’s relationship with Thornton began in 1902, Montague’s wife Cecil has been tolerant to this extra-marital attitude, she even treats Thornton as a friend. However, this extra-marital affairs ended in tragedy. During World War I, Montagu was sent to India to investigate the motorization force.

He and Thornton on December 13, 1915 boarded the ship was later hit by the German torpedo, Montagu survived, but unfortunately with the steamboat Thornton was buried in the sea.

This story is not as perfect as it has been circulated, but it is precisely this story of Montague showing the pure, fervent, and accommodating love of human nature that is the symbol of the celebration of the goddess.

Each Rolls-Royce mascot on the front: the wings of the goddess of joy, her production and manufacturing process, is the pursuit of perfect Rolls-Royce a perfect example.

Rolls-Royce designer Charles Sykes to describe his design concept: “graceful goddess to board the first Rolls-Royce car for the pleasure of the spring, along the breeze Qingfen, swaying.” This concept and the shape of the goddess Rolls-Royce is the pursuit of excellence embodied in the spirit.

The statue of the production process is also extremely complex. It uses the traditional wax mold process, do the goddess also go through rigorous testing.

Split the company

Rolls-Royce 1907 launch of the “Gintama” car, soon known as “the world’s best car.” Many people know that Rolls-Royce cars, but do not know Rolls-Royce (Rolls-Royce) is the world’s best engine maker. The famous Boeing airliner is the Rolls-Royce engine.

Rolls-Royce is one of the main business after World War II production of aircraft engines. Debt losses in the 1970s led to bankruptcy. After the British government intervention will be divided into two Rolls-Royce, divided into two companies in the automotive and aviation engines.

Rolls-Royce brand is still used by the two companies in the two products.Rolls-Royce Aero Engine Company has regained its vitality, once again among the world’s three major aviation engine manufacturers.

The Rolls-Royce Motor Company has little to do. March 30, 1998, the British Vickers G program. Sure enough, Vicks Group, the two major shareholders of the Rolls-Royce to sell to BMW, said dissatisfaction.

As a result, Vickers Group, BMW hopes that the offer will be increased, but was rejected, and said 1 billion mark is the highest offer. July 3, Vickers Group decided to 1.44 billion marks to Rolls-Royce sold to Volkswagen.

July 28, Volkswagen spent huge sums of money to buy Rolls-Royce less than a month, they announced it will give BMW. BMW recently withdrew its decision to terminate the Rolls-Royce engine and other accessories, and agreed to Rolls-Royce production until December 31, 2002.

Rolls-Royce Motor Company annual production of only a few thousand, even the world’s largest car company, a fraction of output is not enough. But from another perspective, but rare. Rolls-Royce cars have become a symbol of status and status, because the company wants to review the identity of the car buyers and background conditions.

There have been such provisions: only aristocratic identity can become its owner. The company’s founders, Charlie Louth and Henry Rice, have different origins, hobbies and personalities, but their dedication and longing to the car industry make them an excellent partner.

Brand Speciality

Once, Rolls-Royce is almost the same as the power of the British Empire, distinguished and prosperous. Experienced a hundred years vicissitudes of life, has gradually lost the former light.

However, in March, Rolls-Royce issued a high probability of mass production 100ex concept car in May and launched a limited production of 35 phantom commemorative edition to celebrate the company’s centenary. Emperor of the distinguished, elegant, introverted domineering – everything is still continuing.

The original Rolls-Royce and its competitors compared with two characteristics: the manufacturing process is simple, very low noise when driving, these two advantages will soon become the classic Rolls-Royce.

The first truly legendary “SilverGhost” was born in 1906, its first appearance at the Paris Motor Show, the golden bell-shaped radiator is very compelling, until today, this shape is still the Rolls-Royce Irreplaceable design elements.In addition to its unique appearance, the Silver Ghost also has a leading-edge technology: forced lubrication; 7-liter six-cylinder engine output of up to 48 horsepower; maximum speed of 110 km / h, which is definitely a world record. But at the time of the Rolls-Royce factory production chassis, most of the vehicle by London’s Barker (Barker) for its elegant body assembly.

Mr. Rice engine design and manufacture of a uniform power output and outstanding durability of the two prominent advantages. In 1907 by the London Automobile Club’s judges chaired, conducted a spectacular test, a Rolls-Royce uninterrupted driving 24000 km, the entire process of vehicle maintenance costs only 3 pounds. Four years later a “silver ghost” has created another record: from London to Edinburgh and from the fourth gear, 100 km average fuel consumption of only 11.6 liters.

It is this simple design philosophy to Rolls-Royce products to achieve these remarkable results, but on the other hand the company and therefore any technical innovation are skeptical wait and see attitude, worried that the immature new technology will affect Its product reliability.

For example, it was not until 1919 that the Rolls-Royce sedan was fitted with a starter motor, and that its competitors had already adopted the technology five years earlier. Moreover, the company did not begin using carrier-style bodies until 1965. This cautious attitude shows that Rolls-Royce is more trust in the classic automotive technology, at least in the shape design is always insisted on this approach.

In other ways, Rolls-Royce is ahead of the times: for example, the company’s business executives Claude Johnson (Claude Johnson) has long been aware of, in order to ensure that the company’s products in the market leading position, only Rely on the excellent quality of the product itself is not enough, we must provide continuous after-sales service to customers in order to further develop their brand loyalty.

As early as 1908 the company decided by the company’s mechanics on a regular basis for customers to check the status of vehicles, but also established a training of professional drivers of the school. This business model outside the United Kingdom has achieved unprecedented success, 5 years after the Paris, Berlin and Madrid have emerged to provide professional service repair shop.

Rolls-Royce famous angel like – “Goddess of Mercy (Spirit of Ecstasy)” is born in this period. France’s Beaulieu region of the aristocratic Montagu II proposed designers Charles Sykes (Charles Sykes) with his secretary Eleanor Thornton (Eleanor Thompson) Miss model for the creation of this Logo.

Mr. Rouse died in a crash in 1910, and his partner lived in southern France for health reasons, but he continued to lead the Rolls-Royce design work. Most

Art of making cars

Rolls Royce noble quality comes from its superb quality. Its founder Henry Royce once said: “the price of the car will be forgotten, and the quality of the car has long endure.”

Rolls-Royce’s success is due to it has been adhering to the British tradition of repairer art: refined, long-lasting, large and small exhaustive. Even more incredible is that since 1904 to the present, more than 60% of the Rolls-Royce is still good performance.

Rolls-Royce is the most unusual is that it makes extensive use of manual labor, labor costs in the United Kingdom quite high, which will inevitably lead to high production costs, which is the reason for the amazing price Rolls-Royce one.

Until today, Rolls-Royce is still handmade. Even more amazing is that Rolls-Royce front radiator grille entirely by skilled workers by hand and eyes to complete, without any measurement tool. An air intake grille requires a worker to produce it all day, and then it takes five hours to process it.

According to statistics, the production of a steering wheel to 15 hours, the assembly of a body needs 31 hours to install an engine to 6 days. Because of this, it can only move 6 inches per minute on the assembly line. The production of a four-door to two and a half months, each car must go through 5000 miles of testing, so the general order Rolls-Royce customers need to patiently wait for more than six months.


Rolls-Royce super-luxury cars like this, it seems hard to beat in the market, the same grade car is too small, this being, also from Britain Bentley (Bentley) can be considered a.But the irony is that the early 20th century, 30 years, due to financial crisis and the brink of collapse of the Bentley Rolls Royce to become a brand. Even in a period of time, “Rolls-Royce” and “Bentley” two car name is actually the same car, from the racing Bentley has gradually become a Rolls Royce-style luxury sedan. Until 1946, they were formally divided into two brands.

Champion praise

“If Henry Royce and Mr. Charles Rolls Mr. had lived to see this test will definitely shocked. This is not just because people will be bored to actually test their perfect Rolls-Royce on the track, because the test is more people from the Americas , there is no blue blood. “” quattroruote “magazine in July 1975 reported emerson fittipaldi wrote the test drive when a silver shadow.

Fittipaldi 1972 and 1974 Formula One Grand Prix of the championship, he said at the time: “I drive a lot of the Department of luxury cars , many of them more modern design concept models, but after all, is the Rolls-Royce Rolls-Royce , Hold it in the steering wheel heart will be filled with unspeakable excitement.

“In the track test Rolls-Royce is also unusual, many people are very shocked. The world champion doubled the car’s performance on the road and on the track: “It’s an extremely comfortable and safe car with a neutral overall performance at low speed and a slight understeer at high speed,

“The Brazilian world champion also pointed out some of the other shortcomings of the car:” Of course, this part of the car to buy this part of the car is very good, The car people are not the speed of its performance, but on the highway I still found it in this area is also quite good performance, top speed can reach 180 km, the most suitable cruising speed is 160 km / h (of course, under conditions permitting).

Acceleration from rest 1 kilometer approximately 32 seconds, with a latest 2Sheng displacement of the car almost. with excellent torque and automatic transmission, it’s the middle of the acceleration performance is also good.

In addition to manufacturing cars, Rolls-Royce is also involved in the field of aircraft engine manufacturing, and made in this regard a lot of technological innovation. Rolls-Royce in 1928 to produce a Japanese-type aircraft engines, as the epoch-making products.

A year later, Rolls-Royce won the Schneider Cup Grand Prix with three consecutive Super Mariners. 1933 50-year-old racing driver malcolmcampbell, driving a v12 turbocharged engine with the “Bluebird” Rolls-Royce, the ground speed of more than 300 miles the first person.

After the outbreak of the Second World War, Japanese-type aircraft engine improved merlin equipment in spitfire, hurricane, lancaster, mustang and other fighters, they are in air combat have made outstanding record. Now, Rolls-Royce Aero-engine sector, including the US General Electric , one of three Aero-engine suppliers and companies, including Pratt & Whitney, mainly for the full range of Airbus to provide aircraft and engines “Harrier” fighter.

World War to the 1950s, the conservative British Rolls-Royce continues to make to maintain the classic style, phantom also will become a sign of nobility; and in the car silver cloud, Rolls-Royce began to try a limited reform, such as The body is made entirely of stamping steel. At this time, completely separate from the chassis body is still so as mulliner and james young

Rolls-Royce is strong and sensual of the representative. Leather interior exudes the smell of leather, feels like wool carpet, windows hardwood handrail next to look like carved out, art-deco mirrors with a fantastic feeling.

Rolls-Royce’s craft can also meet the needs of individual customers in a wider range.Every Rolls-Royce needs careful selection of color, texture, laminates and equipment, because Rolls-Royce is almost impossible to produce two exactly the same car.

Rolls-Royce customized solutions, plus the ability to create personalized interior decoration (such as a bar or ladies dressing room) craftsmen to personalize this theme to play a more thoroughly. Although there are only 18 exterior colors that can form 68 basic color combinations, the Rolls Royce customization scheme actually provides more color choices.

Rolls-Royce is the core of a special power drive systems, designed specifically for the Rolls-Royce of a naturally aspirated 60-degree v12 engine , matched zf 6-speedautomatic transmission .

Rolls Royce torque output curve is almost always flat. At speeds of 1,000 revolutions per minute, there has been a noticeable 500 Nm, which is already 75% of its peak torque (the engine reaches its peak of 720 Newtons at a speed of 3,500 revolutions per minute – Meter). Driving a large 2.5-ton body from the static state to accelerate to 100 km per hour only 5.9 seconds, the maximum speed of 240 km / h.

The entire engine in Munich technical experts hand-made, at very low speed can output strong power, and very quiet and smooth, called the industry classic.

A huge torque reserve means that the driver every step on the throttle, the car will not hesitate to smooth speed once. The engine output rated maximum power is 453 hp (338 kW, 453 hp, sae) at 5,350 rev / min. Other technical features of this advanced engine also includes variable valve timing and variable valve lift sophisticated technology.

The latter is a highly efficient system, with the intake valve to adjust the amount of air into the cylinder, so as to overcome the inherent shortcomings of the butterfly valve. Throttle butterfly valve from the beginning is an integral part of the internal combustion engine. Resulting in low and uniform run-time fuel consumption , and instant throttle response are improved; no matter how high engine speed operation, the output power can be smoothly.

Phantom uses BMW’s specially developed V12, 6.75 liter naturally aspirated engine.Implanted to the phantom after the exhaust lift to 6749mL using the in-cylinder direct injection system, 5350r / min when the maximum power reached 338kW, and the most powerful is when the speed at 160km / h, the engine output of only 25% at 1000r / mintorque has reached 540Nm, 60% similar maximum torque.

Phantom has a very unique display mode: the meter and not designed tachometer, is replaced by a kinetic display , digital table represents the percentage of engine power output. Use the ZF six-speed automatic transmission , the engine control huge amounts of energy very docile and obedient. The control of the transmission using a similar BMW column control lever. Light pull lever into the D file, this “palace” is very easy to move up.

Oversize steering wheel grip in the hands of road sense is not strong, but very smoothly. As the body of the huge and expensive price concerns exist, and not very “enjoy” to control. But even so monstrous, Mirage on the line of the point is still very accurate. A little attention to its lack of steering problems, follow the “slow in and out of the” corner of the principle of the number of Mirage can still bring some driving pleasure.

Phantom used suspension system, the design of the first double wishbone cross arm and a lower arm over the control rod to form a complex suspension system, then the use of multi-link design, and a fixed control arm , To control the stability of the vehicle, the more anti-pitch and auxiliary steering function.

Before and after the use of air springs, can carry out the body’s automatic balance, through the sensor can be on the driving mode and road conditions for 100 monitoring, the vehicle to achieve the best comfort and stability.

The Michelin designed for Phantom PAX tires, 31-inch size is a bit surprising, model 265 × 790R540 is also very rare, at least in the country is the first time to see. The tire in the event of a gas leak, but also 80km / h speed 160km, enough to reach the next maintenance site, which may also be illusion is not equipped with tires reasons.

Phantom uses an aluminum alloy ducted frame. Up to 6m body, chassis weight is only 550kg, is a staggering figure. And this frame from the BMW’s technology center. But do not worry about the strength of the frame, to achieve the torsional stiffness index 40500Nm / °, and almost ordinary steel body car twice. Before and after the brake disc only 4mm (before 374mm / after 370mm) before the use of dual-piston caliper brake caliper after the single-piston c

Rolls – Royce Phantom Olympic Commemorative Edition

To commemorate the 2012 London Olympic Games success, Rolls-Royce Phantom also launched a special commemorative edition models, the car only three worldwide.Official has not yet announced, this Mirage London Olympic Games commemorative edition models of the price.

The special edition is based on the Phantom II soft-top convertible and incorporates some of the most memorable designs, such as the “Goddess of Mercy” in the front logo and the center of the steering wheel inlaid with the Olympic Games Traditional laurel crown and torch pattern.

In addition, the center of the wheel hub is always vertical, the London 2012 Olympic Games, and each car is equipped with a unique design of the welcome pedal to highlight the “global only three” rare quality.

Rolls-Royce Convertible

Rolls-Royce Convertible HypeRIOn A 1930s luxury car-style car, commissioned by Rolls-Royce Pininfarina manufacturing, which for this Italian company is a major challenge.

Rolls-Royce PhantomDropheadCoupe became the convertible HypeRIOn R & D base, the rear seat was removed, more space, so that driving position can be moved back 400 mm. In order to be more accurate demonstration of the Second World Warbefore the car’s style, Pininfarina extend the roof, and cut short the tail of the car while retaining a series of beautiful soft streamlined design.

Classic Rolls-Royce grille will naturally be retained, but after a certain degree of tilt tilt to get better aerodynamic performance, but also with a group of recessed xenon headlamps with LED light source technology.

Most of the body is made of carbon fiber, but the door is made by hand and the luxury of luxury yacht style, material is solid wood. Drophead Coupe most of the interior style to retain, Jaeger-Le Coultre also specifically designed for the Hyperion 1945 watch an old-fashioned in the dashboard, you can also take down to wear in the hand.

The oldest Rolls-Royce

October 17, 2007, the world’s oldest Rolls-Royce car will be auctioned in December at the auction house, this car can be traced back to 1904, has been 103 years of history. It has two seats, the engine power is 10 horsepower. So far only three owners have had this classic car.

Its first exhibition is in fact the 1904 Paris Salon on 1905 earlier than in the UK public debut in the London Olympic Motor Show. As early as the 1950s the car was the owner of its collection as a collection. The car’s auction price is expected to exceed $ 2 million.

Rolls Royce Gold Special Edition

Gold ornaments decorate the appearance of the body, including grilles, rims, edge lighting, badges, and even steel shell, even the interior part to be outdone, the same with a variety of golden details embellishment. Passengers sitting in the car will feel around the glittering, I believe there is nothing more than gold decorated Rolls-Royce Mirage cool things.

Rolls Royce FAB1 Pink Special Edition

Rolls-Royce (Rolls-Royce) in response to the International Day of Breast Cancer Day activities, with the Ghost long axis version based on to create this is called the FAB1 Edition of special vehicles, plans to rent this car in the year raise one million pounds of funds, as the prevention and treatment of breast cancer, public-use.

Bribery in China

December 6, 2012, the second largest aerospace engine manufacturer Rolls-Royce said in a statement, the company may result in Indonesia , China’s “wrongful acts” was the British government prosecuted. The company said the information has been sent to the British “Anti-Fraud Office”, will cooperate fully with the agency investigation.

In early 2012, Rolls-Royce was asked by the UK Anti-Fraud Office to investigate its “wrongdoing” in the Indonesian and Chinese markets. Rolls-Royce independent agency survey to determine the basic facts, bribery also involves other overseas markets. “The forecast is still too early, but it could include prosecutions against companies and others,” the company’s CEO said today. “Rolls-Royce has a bright future and does not allow any improper economic activity.”

Reuters said the aerospace companies in overseas bribery is not new, the British cosmic system in 2010 due to bribery in the Middle East and European countries were fined $ 450 million. The report quoted analysts as saying that considering the European arms export embargo on China, the investigation of Rolls-Royce China operations may only involve civil aviation and energy.

Rolls-Royce with the recent media reports of “suspected bribery investigation in China was” an official statement regarding the release, the following statement:

Recently, media reports about the ” Rolls-Royce Plc was suspected bribery investigation in China” issue, Rolls-Royce Motor Cars (Rolls-Royce Motor CarsLimited) would like to clarify:

Rolls-Royce Plc, the Chinese name for Rolls-Royce, Inc., is involved in the manufacture and manufacture of aircraft engines in the areas mentioned and cited in the above-men

hybrid car

Rolls-Royce will launch its first hybrid car. The CEO said that this would be the focus of the company in the next two years, and claimed that this is not out of customer needs, but the automobile emissions-related laws strict rules. Although he did not disclose too much information, but indeed there are many countries and regions to strengthen the control of vehicle emissions.

This is not the first Rolls-Royce attempt to break away from gasoline dependence: before it has launched a pure electric car, that is, 102EX, but the market reaction is not optimistic, charging time and mileage are subject to a lot of criticism.

The introduction of hybrid electric vehicles will learn from BMW’s plug-in hybrid system-related technologies, such as electronic systems and electrical components.

Decompression of the ideological model

How do you think patterns lead to stress?

Whether people and things around us make us feel stressed and have a lot of irrational patterns of thought, but because these patterns of thought are already part of your habits, you may not be too meaningful.
Use the previously mentioned ABC equation.

A → B → C
The analysis of the thought patterns of events reacts to events
According to this formula, one thing (ie A), even if the terrible and challenging, can not alone constitute pressure (ie C). After the occurrence of a thing (A), we must first be our ideological analysis (ie B), and the analysis method is individual. If this person’s mode of thinking is not rational, after his analysis (B), this matter (A) will trigger the equivalent of pressure (C) experience and reaction. Everyone’s B is different, even if the face of the same A, will produce a different C.

For example, the nurse at work was scolded a few critically ill patients. If you look at this in an irrational mindset, you may think that the patient is ungrateful and therefore reacts violently.

But if the way to think rationally, analysis of the curse of the patient is just symptoms of disease, the feeling will be a lot of calm.
In this chapter, we examine a variety of irrational patterns of thought, hoping to help you change the view of things, so you can use the idea to decompression.

The following are some of the pressure of the ideological model. I will try to use the ABC equation for each thought model to make some common examples of life.Please also see if you have any similar ideas.
Catastrophic thinking.

When faced with adversity, some people will cross the problem and make the problem worse than it really is. This will make the perceived threat more unprovoked and even feel that it is impossible to deal with it.

Example 1
A event: the boss is in a bad mood, to your big tantrum.
B analysis: the boss hates me, I will be blocked.
C reaction: feel the disaster will come.
In fact, the boss just made about temper, he still knows your value to the company, never intended to harm you.However, if the mind to the irrational pattern of events to disaster, the days will be very sad.

Example II
A event: they are silently failed many times, the teacher sternly scolded.
B Analysis: Do you think your are from school will be a complete failure, the school will be bad elements for.Even the future is also subject to very bad influence.

C reaction: fear of the disaster came to his son, to transfer to escape.
In fact, the son of a step backward is just a siren, and he does not need to think of the worst. This excessively large problem, can not improve the problem, more likely to fuel, causing unnecessary panic and fear.

Example III
A incident: company colleagues infected with atypical pneumonia.
B Analysis: I will be infected with SARS, will die.
C: extreme panic Disaster will eat itself.
In fact, colleagues are sick, their chances of being infected are up to two percent. Even if infected with the disease, most will not be fatal, do not fear all day. And extreme panic on the matter not only in help, but also self-defeating.

If you also have a “catastrophic” mindset, the following three self-questions can help you reduce this idea.
Use the above three questions to answer questions to analyze things, you will be able to learn more rational response methods.

Whether people or things, are rarely black and white, and are usually good and bad. If we are accustomed to seeing things as only one-sided good or bad, it will make us lose objectivity and create more pressure.

The thought of “non-black or whitened” people, thinking is actually very simple, very subjective to people and things. Just give him a good impression, this person or thing is completely good, is immaculate. On the contrary, if a person has done a bad thing, is “black and white” characterization, this person will be a bad person, what a bad thing.

Example 1
A Event: daughter because of small things and grandmother have quarrel.
B Analysis: Grandma to “non-black or white” view the incident, that is, daughter-in-law scolded her outrageous, is bad.
C reaction: the daughter as a big bad man and big unfilial.
In fact, the wife’s heart is still respect for the grandmother and concern. A dispute does not mean that filial daughter does not filial grandmother, but can not say that she is bad, can only say that daughter-in-law temper and accomplishment bad. If we have a “black and white” model of judgment, everything is good, one is bad, then we are likely to be too simple for us to add a lot of trouble and pressure.

Some people will know the facts of the little information, they will begin to infer, and cross the big facts, and further to the fantasy, to scare himself. These people will take a little thing, then use it to infer the overall development of things, and believe it.

Example 1 A Event:

Mary’s boyfriend would rather go to horse than go to her.B Analysis: Mary will be the event “partial generalization” of the inferred to Her husband Friends do not love her.C reaction: Mary was very unhappy, but the boyfriend was inexplicably wonderful.Mary’s “partial” thinking, may eventually make her boyfriend really do not love her, because she is too elusive.

Example II A Event:

Chen Tsai’s boss in front of his colleagues scolded him not doing things carefully.B Analysis: Chen Tsai “partial general” to infer to the boss is determined to withHe insulted him in the face, determined to dismiss him.C response: Chen and night are Worried about being boss quit.In fact, the boss never thought of expulsion Chen Tsai, he has dissatisfaction but also have to appreciate the place, the day I have just called a bad mood.To overcome the “partialization” of thinking, we can ” Ask ourselves “the following questions.Use

The above questions to self-answer, you will find “partial general” conclusion is vulnerable.Jumping to conclusion “Judgment of chaos” is similar to “generalization”, but more outrageous. People with this mode of thinking are very passive. They will take a little bit of information, they will casually unfounded to infer, and to the worst place to think. The characteristic of this mode of thought is that, in the absence of sufficient information, it is possible to draw conclusions and make negative conclusions.

Example 1 A Event:

Your friend did not invite you to a new home party.B Analysis: You “chaos To judge “that your friends hate you, Deliberately do not invite you to shock you.C Reaction: You also feel hatred for your friends.In fact, your friend did not hate you, but the new house to join the party to invite you I do not know the company’s colleagues, so I did not ask you.

Example II A Event:

You cough for a day, but the doctor diagnosed you as “okay.” B analysis: the doctor’s medicine is not enough, broken off error, you are Suffering from atypical pneumonia.C reaction: You feel helpless, panic and fear.Cough, but not high fever, the chance of contracting SARS is not, you “chaos to judge”, will only scare themselves.Disqualifying the positive Thinking mode “negative” People, all things to the worst, but also very lack of confidence in their own, that he is “loser.” The idea of ​​”negativism” also encompasses two modes of thinking: “maximizing” and “minimizing”.

The “passive” mode of thinking can be described by the “three meanings”: Such people live in the negative all day long. When he is everything, so he has no room to go negative, life can cope. But when it meets any storm, it will completely negate the problem, everything becomes dark.They have the resources to deal with the problem, but after “desalination”, their ability to completely lose confidence.

The problem can be overcome, but after the “big bad”, everything as useless and hopeless, and finally only as their own prediction as a complete failure.Unreasonable requirements (unrealistic expecting) If you are too obsessed with things and you insist on developing You as you wish, you will end up feeling extremely hard. Unless you have a supreme power like the Qian long emperor, your request can not be fulfilled every time. The face of things unhappy development, any person will feel the pressure.

Everything can be done if the best of course, but this is not easy to do. In practical terms, we should try to reduce the number of unreasonable demands on people, because this type of requirements is not easy to achieve, reduces the help of their decompression. This is a customary requirement for the “irrationally demanding” mode of thinking that everything should be “should statements”. In the eyes of such people, all people and all things have their development should be the result. If the end result is not the one that should happen, it will be extremely disappointed.

Example 1 A event:

students disrespectful to the teacher, with a frivolous attitude to speak with the teacher.B Analysis: The teacher “should” of that all students The teacher is very bad.C reaction: the teacher felt very unhappy.In fact, some students have personal problems, their misconduct, but they used to vent dissatisfaction with the method. If we ask all students to “polite” and respect their teachers, it is irrational. This will only make their own unhappy, but will make the relationship between teachers and students worse.

Example II A Event:

Your dad obviously gives your sister more attention.B Analysis: You will be “unreasonable request”, that his father “should” on All children are evenly loved.C Reaction: You have a pedigree for both your father and your sister.Dad on the sister is good, probably because they are more similar personality, but also because of your sister carefully than your father. The feeling is naturally from the heart, there is no “should” this thing.Example IIIA Event:

When he was studying in a foreign country, he sometimes felt rejected because he was a Chinese.B Analysis: Asian strong that all foreigners are not “should” racial discrimination.C Reaction: He feels angry and hostile to foreigners.While racial discrimination is wrong, we can not ask all foreigners to abide by it because it is irrational and impossible to do so. I think it ‘s silly to feel unhappy about something that can not be done.To change this “unreasonable demand” of the ideological model, we asked to reduce the degree of dedication.

Everything can no longer “must” or “should” to do, to “best” or “hope” to do, can not do and no so-called.Students “must” should “respect the teacher,” hope “students” best “can respect the teacher. Father “must” should be fair to all children, changed to “hope” father “best” to treat all children as fair as possible. All foreigners must “not” be discriminated against by racial discrimination, and changed to “hope”.

Most foreigners are “the best” to be free from racial discrimination. To take the doctrine of the mean, do not make unreasonable demands, the pressure will naturally away from you.Can not tolerate the syndrome (can not stand it syndrome)The people of Hong Kong may be living in comfort for too long, so many have a mode of thinking, even a disease, I call it “can not tolerate the syndrome.” With this mode of thinking, the ability to tolerate setbacks is particularly low.

With fewer problems, they will allow themselves to be impatient with them and say things around them to be intolerable. There are two main reasons why they can not tolerate anything. First, they mistakenly thought that it was reasonable to do so because the people around them did it. Second, they can not tolerate what it means to be tolerated.

Example 1 A Event:

Colleagues are late for the meeting.B thought: late is not good, can not tolerate such behavior.C reaction: furious, criticism of my colleagues late.

However, this response is not good, in addition, to making you feel that you and your colleagues and small devices have a mustard, the most important thing is that this reaction will have a more far-reaching impact.Interpersonal relationship between the overall important than a small matter. May be late really can not tolerate, but because of a small matter and a big reaction, and ultimately will affect even other major events. Due to a small loss, the pressure is unnecessary.

People with “intolerable syndrome” are more susceptible to stress because any small thing becomes a beast of stress, and when they meet the traffic jock, they shout “I do not know what they want!” Long queues or restaurant waiter greeted poor neighbors or the manufacture of disturbing noise, will feel intolerable and shouting “I Top Well!” Need to know every time to shout “I do not speak”, the physical and psychological stress reaction has it.To confront “intolerable syndrome”, we have to change our minds.

When we think of the “top not Shun” thing, first “ask you” the following questions.The answers to these questions should help you to get rid of the habit of “top notch” and make people feel more adept at adversity.Can not treat yourself (Negative Self Rating)Some people think that to succeed, they have to raise their own demands.

They will think that they can not be too kind to their own, but to set some difficult to achieve their own standards. Do not cut jade is not a device, this is justified. However, if we ask for too much, to their own long-term requirements are not met, we will create a lot of pressure on their own.The requirements of their own people are too high, have the following characteristics.

Based on the above points, people who can not treat themselves well will set high standards for themselves.They measure the success of the scale, is someone else’s own praise. They will also compare their achievements with others.However, this mode of thinking will bring endless pressure on people.Therefore, it is clear that setting a strict target for your success will help you succeed.

However, you should also pay attention to whether you have some irrational mental models and put a lot of pressure on you.Self-analysis of your thinking patterns after reading so many different types of thought patterns, it is time to analyze whether you have some irrational mental models. The following analysis is a simple procedure, not a professional analysis of the test, but I believe you can still help you in a short period of time to know ourselves, do their own understanding of the mode of thinking. Catastrophizing: in the face of adversity, and the problem across the land to speculate unduly pessimistic, directly caused felt threatened and no one could cope far.Black and albino: person or thing that is seen as a good one is bad.

Just look at the side of people or Ngs, they infer that it is completely good or completely bad.Sweeping: only know things quiet a little bit, they put their enlarged and very pessimistically to imagine, Mang conclusion will be the judge of all knots are the worst.Depolarization: all things are Seen as gloomy and pessimistic. A good news will be diluted. Bad news will be crossed.

Everything is done to the worst.

Unreasonable demands of: for things unreasonably excessive dedication required of all developments are as you might expect, the results and everything seems to require you to think “should” like.The syndrome is not easy: it is easy To “hang on,” do not try to go completely tolerate it.Do not treat yourself: to set their own excessive demands, and with the approval of others and to compare the success of PCT set her loss.If you can effectively Reduce the number of times you use the irrational mental model to analyze problems, I am sure you will be able to avoid a lot of stress.

Mother’s day Celebrate

Celebrate Mother’s Day, Mommy year thanks to the hard work, Grand Hyatt Taipei launched various activities including physical and mental Shuhuo ‘favorite Mummy “SPA project, 105 minutes stretch of the physical and spiritual journey, the mother forgets the daily worries, with pleasure and his family for the holidays.

Another design diverse dining options, including the Hyatt hall on the third floor, there is a wonderful parody and folk performances “Maximo Oliveros mother retro party” buffet feast; or reservation on the second-floor restaurant table with food and an exquisite little extra special surprise gift. There are three Baguette Bakery festival gift ‧ limited cake with sweet pet Mommy! all events launch on Specials Days

on the fifth floor, Oasis Spa launched to celebrate Mother’s Day “Mummy pet” project price NT $ 3,960, to between 1 May 14 date to sell limited. Including complementary physical and mental energy, new look from the inside out 60 minutes ultimate healing soothing massage, 30 minutes Broadwood sauna experience, the first 15-minute massage welcome tea, petal foot bath and relaxing massage to relieve small point.

Meanwhile, the purchase of Oasis Spa Mother’s Day “Mummy pet” project, then bonus worth NT $ 968 element of Kifissia B guest house afternoon tea (term ending May 31, 2017), a limited number available on all flights.

* Something New mother retro party
May 14 Mother’s Day was held in Grand Hyatt Taipei Grand Hyatt hall “Something New Love” Mother’s Day luncheon, with the theme of retro elegance, offers a buffet of delicacies, with live mimicry and folk concert, invites you to spend a cozy holiday with Mummy!

see Happy Mothers Day Images

What Is Stress

What is stress?

In fact, the “stress” we talk about in our daily conversation is likely to be different from the “stress” discussed below.
“Pressure” discussed below, it is a time when people feel threatened feelings caused by an abstract uncomfortable feeling, namely English Stress of. In other words, “pressure” Stress  refers to a hair from the heart and personal feelings.

Stress is the “physical and psychological response” to our “difficulties and challenges” .Stress can be a part of our  (like work, work, etc.), also can not adapt to the new environment because caused or challenge. Thus, stress can be defined as “the physiological and psychological response of man to intimidation and threats”.

Is the pressure necessarily bad?

Stress is not necessarily bad. “Father of the pressure of repair” Seoul when talking about stress, be categorized as “good stress”  and “bad stress” (Distress).
Bad pressure will make us physically and mentally are bad influence, even will endanger health.

On the other hand, good pressure can drive people to concentrate, in the best condition to cope with difficulties, only to get the best performance and the best results. For example, many people will be rushed before the deadline, because of the pressure caused by time pressure, in particular, people make efforts, allowing the ability to work several times the increase. In addition, if we find a competitor, the pressure will be  not relax, which may thus create good results.

Since it is good or bad, we should try to avoid the bad influence of “bad pressure” and use “good pressure” to help us improve our work efficiency Proxy Sites
What are the adverse effects of stress?
Symptoms of over-compression vary from person to person.
Many people will have headaches, insomnia, tension, back pain, tantrum, can not concentrate, no appetite, depression and other symptoms. In severe cases, there will be “physical and mental exhaustion” of the situation, it is completely lost all energy, it also produces psychiatric symptoms such as anxiety, depression and so on.

Long-term pressure, the body’s immune system will decline, the heart is also affected, it is more likely to fall ill. Pressure with the rise of cholesterol, stomach, high blood pressure, migraine, skin diseases, enteritis and other diseases are related.
Will the stress of everyday life become severe in such circumstances?
In general there are two cases, will make us already accustomed to the pressure becomes serious.

First, any sudden change can produce a lot of stress, especially when these changes affect our daily life, so we need to adjust the practices we use to adapt to change, the sense of pressure will become serious. The greater the magnitude of these changes, the greater will be the increase in stress.
Di Second, a long time can not relax in a state of war, also have severe stress.Difficulties, such as crowded circumstances, work difficulties, interpersonal disputes, and financial problems, which are often encountered in the daily life, if they can not Be effectively improved, will increase a lot of pressure.

But, generally speaking, those who are sick, poor economic conditions, excessive labor or insomnia, are more vulnerable to the bad influence of stress. On the contrary, people with family or friend are more able to withstand stress.

Can we be completely without any pressure?

Pressure is like breathing, is permanent with us, will never disappear. Pressure, if not properly handled, will be like snowball, the bigger the roll, until it becomes out of hand. Therefore, to deal with the pressure, we should not be completely put an end to pressure as the goal. We should learn from the face of the causes of pressure to analyze it, and to conquer it.

Stress is our physical and psychological response to the challenges of the environment, there is no sense of pressure, we deal with the size of the problem will be no driving force. If a person is too comfortable to live in the situation, it is not necessarily a good thing.

Therefore, our attitude to stress should not be to completely get rid of the pressure, but to learn how to face the pressure, thus reducing the pressure on our physical and psychological impact.

As mentioned above, the pressure is due to the sudden change in the operational state or long-term increase, and these two points in a busy metropolis is difficult to avoid. In most cases, we can not arbitrarily change the environment, to make the environment with us. The only thing we can easily change is our own behavior.

What is the main cause of stress?

To conquer the pressures of our daily lives, we first need to understand the main causes of stress. Although each person lives in a completely different environment, the difficulties are not the same, but the factors that constitute the pressure and the big principles, but it is much the same. To sum up, the pressure is derived from three places.
1. The pressure can be derived from the face can not cope or too much the number of challenges and threats. The most common is the difficulty in working, feeling or family.
2. The pressure can also be difficult to adapt to adversity with a relevant, which we call “life events”, unemployment, bankruptcy, divorce, widowhood, etc.
3. The pressure can also speak to individual psychological factors. Personal view of things, coupled with personality factors, directly determine whether a thing will constitute a pressure.

The source of most of the pressure is “all wishes come true.” Think the problem you have in mind how much it affects you, it will constitute your much pressure. Psychological factors and the relationship between pressure is so direct. Let’s say two people are the boss scolded a meal, the

A-so much so fear the boss of their dislike, so it was very stressful.

B Jun has just been in the lottery, so do not care about the future of work, but when the boss scolded him sing.

Since our thinking is the only thing we can directly affect, so to improve the psychological factors to decompression is the best method of decompression.

How to overcome the pressure is the best way?

As mentioned above, the pressure seems to come from your four directions, but in fact the main source of pressure is your heart. To adapt to the pressure, we must first start from the causes of pressure. If stress is caused by a challenge, threat, or “event of life,” learn to adapt. If it is with their own psychological factors, to overcome the method is to adjust their mental state.
In many cases, the pressure is their own.

A person’s view of things directly affect the pressure he has to bear. While exotic beasts are very scary, if you do not think they are a threat to you, then they will not produce a lot of pressure. In turn, even a cockroach-like mouse without any lethality, as long as your heart is scary, they will become the equivalent of a scourge.

Therefore, the best way to overcome stress is to make their own thinking and analysis more rational, at any time using the “decompression thinking mode” to think. In addition, if we understand how to adopt the “lifestyle of stress” in our daily life, we will be able to overcome the pressure in the long run.
Personal psychological factors that contribute to stress
As mentioned earlier, the same incident occurs in different people, but may not constitute the same threat, the degree of pressure is also different. Therefore, personal psychological factors, is caused by a sense of the main factors of stress. There are several types of psychological characteristics and personality, especially with the pressure on the relationship.

1) perfectionist

There are some people on their own and others’ requirements are high, requires everything to be perfect. They set the standard for everything that was harsh and difficult to do.Due to the very high standard order everything for the sake of perfection, everything must spend more time and effort.

In order to achieve near perfect standard, every moment should pay attention to all the details, because only a little bit of the wrong is unacceptable.Therefore, such people often feel that the time and resources are not enough, and will get often in a State of tension, can not loose Hiroshi down. Too high demands on things, a slight mistake will feel unhappy, how can we maintain a relaxed state of mind?

The perfect person, it is easy to do things prioritized, all ministries to uncompromising attention, finally, time is not enough natural, things to delivery is still not good, their requirements will be greater, but the result will be a big pressure increase.

2) love to please people

When a person can not be sure of their own, they will feel that their ideas are not as good as others think. Such people will be very concerned about the views of others on their own, in particular, care about whether they have their own negative.Once someone expresses any negation of what they do, they infer that they do not like themselves and think they are Inferior to others.

Such people also care about how others look at themselves, will live very hard, because others do not allow us to control the view. Because fear can not be sure, they will often worry about the outcome, the pressure will naturally great.

3) stroke to do too

There are others who, because of their inner enthusiasm, will drive themselves to everything in their power to do well. But because of human ability and have limited resources, after all, it will be easy to get their own physical strength, physical and mental are under a lot of pressure. “Too much to do” will produce a lot of pressure.

4) strong ambition

A group of people say to themselves that they can not lose. They will think that if they fail to achieve their goals, they will be utterly defeated and will put them in disaster. However, people are not omnipotent, if the result is not satisfactory, this idea will constitute a lot of pressure.

5) everything in black and white

Some people have some irrational views about things. Sometimes they will be too persistent, do not agree with the doctrine of the mean; Sometimes they will be too pessimistic, for their own manufacturing pressure. This book will go into these irrational ways of thinking later on.

6) the A-type personality

A type personality in particular to link the relationship with pressure. People with this character, everything is demanding, and life is also a tight sense of force. They are often in the “rush” state, forcing themselves to everything fast, but also require their own long-term to be in the peak state to meet the tight feeling. As a result, the pressure and the A-type personalities who forged puzzled edge. The following are some of the A-type personality characteristics:

1. can not stop, the work is much less
2. “Well sit given”
3. impatient
4. workaholic
5.  the Air Table”
6. all competing
7. To achieve the goal can be “glass slide”
8. Easy temper
9. do not recognize their own stress, will be a great reaction

Constitute the work of pressure

In the course of work, we inevitably have to bear a lot of pressure, and there are many, these come from the pressure of work is not easy to handle. Some people will be reluctant to accept them in silence, but to make themselves constantly tortured. In fact, as long as the analysis can be the source of pressure, it is not impossible to retreat.

The most common working pressures are the following.

1. dangerous work
If the work to life or physical danger, the job would constitute the pressure. The nature of the work does not have to be on the battlefield when the soldiers, or the hospital to take care of atypical pneumonia patients, is considered the dangerous work. Any job that does not guarantee job safety can trigger such pressures.

2. The requirement beyond capacity and resources

When the work is beyond the needs of our individual abilities, we will feel the pressure of work. “I do not know.”

3. workload too heavy

Before there are too many things to do, have very much. If you work too much, because you do not know how to use time or things to do by priorities, in addition to excessive work pressure, you often have to bear the deadline pressure, change will be one hundred pounds.

4. Excessive liability

Liability consuming more energy than our hard labor, because of the psychological burden of more than hard work. If a person shares several roles, the burden will be more uncomfortable. On the other hand, if the duties are not clear, so that employees simply do not understand why their responsibilities, the people do not know how to start, will constitute a considerable pressure.

5. vagaries of the working environment

In any of the uncertainties of the future, will people feel uneasy ignorance, and even cause it is not all out to tackle the problem. Similarly, people are accustomed to stable life of animals, any unstable future, are the source of pressure.

6. The non-ideal working environment

Where are you working, you may have a day to spend the most time. If the work environment noise, crowded, dark, the air is not circulation, it unconsciously produces a sense of pressure.

7. difficult to get along with interpersonal

Problems caused people to get along, are the most uncomfortable, and also difficult to solve. When a group of people together to show you do not agree with the time, the uncomfortable, is not easy to describe.

8. being unreasonable treatment

Interpersonal problems, that was targeted, given an unfair and unreasonable treatment, is most  unpleasant.

When we realize that the pressure from work is where we eat, we will be sure how to deal with
These are the pressures.

Life Events

Each individual life will certainly be some major event. Marriage, divorce, retirement, widowhood, economic crisis and other major events in life, we have a very far-reaching impact, will pose pressure for us. Psychologist Joy Holmes and Watson (Holmes) found a person within one year of life events experienced by more physical illness will be greater. They also listed a series of life personnel that found the most stress in their study, and gave each score a higher score that led to greater stress.
According to the study, the twenty things that led to the most stress were the following.

  1.   The spouse died (100 points)
  2.   Divorce (73 points
  3.   With the separated spouse (65 points)
  4.   The prison (63 points)
  5.   Family members were killed (63 points)
  6.   Personal illness or injury (53 points)
  7.   Married (50 points)
  8.   Was fired from the company (47 points)
  9.   With spouse compound (45 points)
  10.   Retirement (45 points)
  11.   Family sick (44 points)
  12.   Pregnancy (40 points)
  13.   Sexual performance problems (39 points)
  14.   There are new developments in the business (39 points)
  15.   Transition occurs on the economic capacity (38 points)
  16.   Friends were killed (37 points)
  17.   Switch (36 points)
  18.   With spouses big fight (35 points)
  19.   By the huge loans (31 points)
    You may find that all of these events are not all bad things. Many of them are happy events, which are the “good stress” mentioned earlier. If anyone has two or more life events in a year, the probability of suffering from stress is as high as 50 to 80 percent.

In short, as long as you know where the pressure comes from, in the fight against the pressure, you have the odds. The so-called “friends know better, pressure away from you” is justified.